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Does Social Capital Secure Livelihoods of Small-Scale Fisher Households? 

Small-scale fisheries communities around the world are facing numerous social-ecological challenges. It is widely accepted that social capital can play a key role in poverty reduction for the poor and marginalized fisher households. The poor fishers possess limited capital assets and resources for economic activities, and their livelihoods primarily depend on fishing. This talk highlights the existing literature on the role of social capital and sustainable livelihoods of small-scale fisher communities in Asia. It provides insights into how social capital facilitates cooperation in the community when fishers face livelihood stress, and its crucial role in improving fishers access to a host of assets that strengthen the livelihoods at the household level. This has tremendous implications for building strong and viable small-scale fisheries.

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Ambivalent role of Market and Technology in the Transitions from Vulnerability to Viability: Nexus in Senegal SSF

The international fish market and technological advances to satisfy demand are among the main drivers that have damaged marine ecosystems. This situation has resulted in the vulnerability of SSF communities, who depend on these same ecosystems for various functions and services, including cultural services, the supply of fish for income and food, etc. However, fishers are managing to navigate through some of the twists and turns offered by the market and a range of technologies in a perpetual search for ways to ensure a transition to guarantee viability of SSF, including its cultural dimensions. The webinar talk aims to share initiatives by small-scale fishers from a socio-anthropological angle drawing on examples from Senegalese fishing communities.

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Shell-Fisheries as a Tool for the Stewardship and Conservation of Mangroves

In Nigeria, data on mangrove use, livelihood dependencies, and the relationship between mangrove fisheries and human well-being is scarce. Recognizing the broad range of users who depend on or benefit from mangroves is crucial to developing adaptive and inclusive management approaches that reflect the interests of all users. The highest stakes for food and nutrition security, and livelihoods, however, are associated with mangrove-dependent shellfisheries, and this should be the starting point to foster a sense of stewardship and ownership to ensure sustainable mangrove use.

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Navigating Waves of Change: Chronicles of Resilience and Transitions in Bangladesh Small-Scale Fisheries

Small-scale fisheries in Bangladesh provide a dynamic setting of ecosystems, vulnerabilities, adaptation, resilience, and uncertainties caused by changing climate and blue growth. As the intensity and frequency of extreme weather events are expected to increase, it is crucial to understand how fishers and fish resources are affected by it and how their daily responses contribute to their ability to adapt to changing weather conditions. Using a mixed method approach, our four-year research identifies and investigates the impacts, response and adaptation strategies adopted by small-scale fishers in Moheshkhali and Patharghata upazila of Bangladesh to deal with extreme weather events and mega development projects. 

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Food and Nutrition In-(security) in the Caribbean: Perspectives from Socio-metabolic Research (SMR)

Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are on the frontlines of climate change and consistently rank high on a range of risk and climate vulnerability indices. In this talk, a socio-metabolic research (SMR) perspective will be adopted to analyze the challenges of food and nutrition insecurity in the Caribbean. From being a net exporter of food, the region underwent a transition in the 1970s and now imports 83% of its total food requirements. Yet, 67.5% of the population faces food and nutrition insecurity, in contrast to the global average of 27.6%. What does this mean for the region’s food security when subject to shocks such as the Covid-19 pandemic? And where are the barriers, and opportunities for a transition from vulnerability to viability?

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