V2V Photo of the Week: September 15, 2021

 
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This photo was captured in Char Dhularshar of Dhularshar Union, Kalapara Upazila, in Patuakhali district of Bangladesh. The photo was taken in 2019 when the government banned Hilsa fishing, transporting, and marketing for 22 days from October 9 - 30 to support safe breeding of Hilsa. It shows small-scale fishers inspecting their boats during the Hilsa ban period. To adapt to the fishing ban and the resulting in common livelihood loss, fisher families diversify their livelihoods through alternative income-generating activities, which are usually low-paid and not adequate to address their needs. Besides, because of lack of other skill sets, the fishers generally are not able to diversify their livelihood effectively during the Hilsa ban period. As a result, they also rely on other fish species, which have no market values, to support their families.

Photo credit: Sabiha Ahmed Diba, 2019

 
 
 

V2V Photo of the Week: September 8, 2021

 
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This photo was captured on the Island of Dionwar, Senegal where main livelihood activities comprise fishing and processing of fishery products. The photo shows women of the island harvesting shellfish. They go on the mudflats and in the mangroves during low tide and collect the shellfish by hand or with the help of machetes. Then, they transport them to their villages, boil the shellfish, pick out the meat from the shell and leave them to dry. These women also capture crustaceans from the mudflats and collect mollusks from the mangroves. Harvesting of shellfish is carried out with the help of rudimentary tools in difficult conditions with little to no attention to the physical and mental health of the workers involved. Women use small and non-motorized canoes to navigate the waters in search of fish-rich areas. Since canoes can only cover a small area in a certain time period, productive capacity remains low and so does the income made out of it.

 

Contributor: Fatou Gueye

Photo credit: Alassane Sarr (Director of L’Institut Universitaire de Pêche et d’Aquaculture (IUPA)) - UCAD, 2020

 

V2V Photo of the Week: September 1, 2021

 
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This photo was captured in the Inatori fishing community, Izu Peninsula, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. A Kinme (Splendid Alfonsino) fisher and his wife are landing the fish. Inatori is a traditional small-scale fishing community with a 5,546 population (2020), well-known for its Kinme fishery. Kinme is more than just an essential fish species for Inatori; it is a highly esteemed resource for tourism and has served as the economic and cultural backbone of the area for a long time. As key financial drivers of the community, Kinme fishers have developed and maintained a close relationship with the community over the years, and have come to be known as the “Kinme Bosses.” A folk song in their honor was composed in 2009. Today, this song is widely performed and danced to by the local townspeople, demonstrating just how important the fishery is to the community. Despite their locally celebrated status, however, the Kinme Bosses have recently been met by challenges, such as resource decline, and conflict with recreational fisheries.  

For more details, please refer to Kinme Boss facing double trouble in Japan (Yinji Li, 2020). This photo is also the official photo of the 4th World Small-Scale Fisheries Congress Asia-Pacific: Building Forward Better!

Contributor: Yinji Li

Photo credit: Inatori Branch of Izu Fisheries Cooperative Association, 2018

V2V Photo of the Week: Aug 25, 2021

 
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This photo was captured during the Chilika Field School 2019 in Satapada, Chilika, India. The picture shows stake nets (locally known as “khanda jaals”), one of the most frequently used fishing gear for traditional fishing technique in the outer channel of the Chilika Lagoon. These types of nets have a long vertical wall of netting held by a line of wooden poles extending from the shore towards the lagoon. The purpose of such nets is to interrupt the natural route of fish and direct them towards a series of traps away from the shore. The stake net areas get leased seasonally to small-scale fishers. These nets do not harm the dolphin population, unlike gill nets. In fact, they create positive interactions between Irrawaddy dolphins and small-scale fishers of the Chilika lagoon.

Photo credit: Aishwarya Pattanaik, 2019

V2V Photo of the Week: Aug 18, 2021

 
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This photo was captured during a doctoral research focused on small-scale fishing communities in Brazil. The picture shows thousands of flying fish drying in the open air after being gutted. The location is Caiçara do Norte, known as one the main places for flying fish fishing in Brazil. In recent years, capturing flying fish has become a key activity for the fishing community of the region due to the harvest of flying fish roe (a popular garnish for sushi). However, this is not a reliable source of livelihood as the fishers only get a tiny fraction of the roe's harvest profits. For instance, in 2019, the kilogram of roe was sold by the fishers for R$10 (Brazilian Real currency) to the middlemen, but it reached a sale value of 15 times greater when sold to the final consumers.

Photo credit: Monalisa Rodrigues, 2016

 

V2V Photo of the Week: Aug 11, 2021

 
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This week we are busy with our V2V - Chilika Virtual Field School 2021 that has brought together about 50 participants and 25 resource persons, including speakers and facilitators representing more than 23 countries and over 45 institutions. The topic of this year’s field school is “Rethinking Coastal Sustainability and Development”, and we are focusing on the task of rethinking on one particular aspect of coastal sustainability and development (i.e., theory / concepts / knowledge; action / advocacy; policy; and practice) each day. We bring this photo collage as our “V2V Photo of the Week” to highlight the contributions being made by numerous individuals through sharing their knowledge and experience on issue of development and sustainability, and the amazing participants that are not just learners but active advocates of social and policy change for a better future of our oceans, coasts and the people who depend on them. We at V2V Global Partnership hope that this photo of the week will continue to inspire us in building strong small-scale fisheries communities around the world.

 

Contributors: Prateep K. Nayak, Ana Carolina Esteves Dias, Sevil Berenji

Photo credit: Sevil Berenji, 2021

 

V2V Photo of the Week: Aug 04, 2021

 
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As we are preparing for the V2V - Chilika Virtual Field School 2021, which is scheduled to start on the 7th of August, we are motivated to share a few images from our past Chilika Fields School 2019. The photos show the themes (through the banner) discussed by the participants while in the field school classroom, the multiple community engagements and interactions with fisher villages, preparing to venture out to the rough waters near where the Chiliak Lagoon meets the sea at the Bay of Bengal, and the unforgettable experience of being on a country boat - all for being able to see the world from a somewhat different perspective. The difference between a virtual and an in-person field school is tremendous but choosing the former over the latter this year is an obvious (even though forced) choice when the entire world is grappling with the impacts of the COVID pandemic. We believe that these photos from our previous field school will inspire us to stay motivated and wait patiently for a future in-person field school, hopefully in August 2022.

Photo credit: Prateep Kumar Nayak, 2019

V2V Photo of the Week: July 28, 2021

 
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This photo was captured during a field visit to the fishers of Pati Regency in Central Java Province, Indonesia. This photo depicts a graduate student conducting interviews with key informants to analyze how small scale-fishers in the region use Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as a tool in fishing to combat the effects/impacts of climate change. According to the findings of this study, fishers of this region believe that ICT is both necessary and beneficial in fishing. Although most fishers still rely on their conventional knowledge gained through many years of experience in fishing (known as ilmu titen locally) to assess the status of the sea, some fishers utilize ICT during their fishing operations, such as using GPS to record the coordinates of promising fishing locations within sea. They also use their phones to communicate with other fishers and share information on fishing grounds and fish prices. Fishers also use apps like Nelayan Pintar and Windy from the Google Play Store, as well as the BMKG website, to predict weather, sea waves, and wind speed.

Photo credit: Ika Suciati, 2020

V2V Photo of the Week: July 21, 2021

 
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This photo was captured during a field visit to the fishers of Arakhakud, an ethnic village in the Krushnaprasad block of Puri district in Chilika Lagoon, situated on the eastern coast of peninsular India in the Bay of Bengal. According to the village elders, the village settlement is located on one of the sand dunes called Arakhakuda and the small-scale fisheries traditions of the village and its adjoining areas go back to one thousand years. This is the same village where once existed the historical sea mouth between the Chilika Lagoon and the Bay of Bengal operating between Manikapatna and Arakhakuda villages until about the early part of the seventeenth century. The sea mouth has now moved several miles away from this village creating serious concerns to the fishing culture and society that once relied on its very existence.

 

Photo credit: Sarmistha Pattanaik, 2018

V2V Photo of the Week: July 14, 2021

 
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The photo was captured in Dattapara village, Lahiripur, Sundarbans, West Bengal state of India. Dattapara is a small village, located in the island of Satjelia and is inhabited by small-scale fishers, who either fish on the forested river creeks of Sundarbans, or practice aquaculture in their village. The photo depicts the biggest aquaculture pond in the village, which has been taken on lease by more than 50 fishers from the same village.  A significant quantity of fish is cultured in this pond. The small hut seen in the picture is commonly known as 'alaghar'. A person allocated from the village is posted in the ‘alaghar’ to keep a watch on the fishery.

Photo credit: Amrita Sen, 2017

V2V Photo of the Week: July 07, 2021

 
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This photo was taken in the Karang Jeruk Conservation, Munjung Agung village, Tegal district, Central Java province, Indonesia. It depicts fishers at the port repairing their fishing gears. Tegal Regency in Central Java province of Indonesia has maintained a remarkable contribution to the fisheries production of the country. It is important to note that small-scale fisheries dominate the fisheries sector in Tegal Regency, where the majority of fishers own Jukung (a small wooden Indonesian outrigger canoe), 3-5 GT vessels, and a few fishers own above 5GT boats.

Photo credit: Hapsari Ayu Kusumawardhani, 2020

V2V Photo of the Week: June 30, 2021

 
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These photos are photo collages from the screenshots taken during the V2V sessions at the Centre for Maritime Research (MARE) 2021 People & the Sea Conference. The theme of the conference is ‘Limits to Blue Growth?’ V2V Global Partnership has a huge presence at this year’s MARE conference with more than sixty of its members including researchers, policy and non-government representatives, early-career researchers and graduate students from about twenty countries presenting papers and participating in the deliberations. Enthusiastic engagement of the V2V Global Partnership members in the MARE conference exemplifies their passion for realizing the process of Vulnerability to Viability” in small-scale fisheries communities and exploring critically the many dimensions of blue growth.  

Photo credit: Vulnerability to Viability Global Partnership, 2021 

V2V Photo of the Week: June 23, 2021

 
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This photo was taken in Payagala, a small coastal town located in Kalutara district, the western province of Sri Lanka. The photo depicts a family-run dried fish operation of tuna fish caught by multi-day fishing boats, which are salted and sun-dried on the beach. Once dried, the fish is destined for a domestic wholesale market. Dried tuna fish (locally known as ‘Bala karawala’) makes a much-loved dish that complements the rice-based local diet. Salting and sun drying of fish is a crucial livelihood activity that has supported the wellbeing of Sri Lankan coastal communities for generations.

 

Photo credit: W.C. Hiroshini (A Research Assistant in Ocean University of Sri Lanka who was recruited by Madu Galappaththi, A PhD scholar, to conduct in-person field interviews with dried fish processors), 2021

V2V Photo of the Week: June 16, 2021

 
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This photo was taken in Berhampur Island of Chilika Lagoon in India just three months after the category 5 Cyclone Fani hit the region. The livelihoods of the fishers were endangered under the impact of the cyclone, and it caused a series of devastations in the fishing communities. The cyclone affected basic amenities, such as drinking water, food supply, shelter, health, sanitation, electricity and telecommunication services. The fishing communities came together to respond to the impacts from Fani indicating strong community resilience and motivations to stay viable during adverse times. The Chilika Lagoon and Bay of Bengal region receives at least one major cyclone every alternate year and multiple other cyclonic storms every year.

 

Photo credit: Aishwarya Pattanaik, 2019

 

V2V Photo of the Week: June 09, 2021

 
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The photo was captured in Sagar Island, Sundarbans, West Bengal state of India. It depicts a fisher family that uses a Styrofoam board (Bengali: Shol) for fishing. A small motor is attached to the bottom part of the board for riding it by overcoming the waves coming toward the shore. A long rope holds the board from the shore and prevents it from getting lost inside the water. The Styrofoam board is used as an alternative fishing tool by those who can't afford to own a basic fishing boat.

 

Photo credit: Sevil Berenji, 2019

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This photo was taken in northern Malaita, the most populous province in Solomon Islands, Oceania. Small-scale fishing forms an important part of the livelihoods of many Malaitans. This photo depicts community members and WorldFish staff working together during a workshop on community-based resource management. The Solomon Islands National Fisheries Policy prioritises community-based approaches to coastal fisheries management (CBRM). WorldFish supports the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources in its strategy with research to improve coastal fisheries sustainability and benefits in Solomon Islands through action research, training and outreach. Jessica Blythe, V2V Global Partnership co-applicant and researcher, and Daykin Harohau are also seen in the photo working with the WorldFish Centre and SSF community members in Solomon Islands on community-based fisheries resource management plans. For more information please visit: https://fish.cgiar.org/publications/community-based-resource-management-malaita-province

 

Photo credit: Grace Orirana

V2V Photo of the Week: June 02, 2021

 
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This photo was taken in northern Malaita, the most populous province in Solomon Islands, Oceania. Small-scale fishing forms an important part of the livelihoods of many Malaitans. This photo depicts community members and WorldFish staff working together during a workshop on community-based resource management. The Solomon Islands National Fisheries Policy prioritises community-based approaches to coastal fisheries management (CBRM). WorldFish supports the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources in its strategy with research to improve coastal fisheries sustainability and benefits in Solomon Islands through action research, training and outreach. Jessica Blythe, V2V Global Partnership co-applicant and researcher, and Daykin Harohau are also seen in the photo working with the WorldFish Centre and SSF community members in Solomon Islands on community-based fisheries resource management plans. For more information please visit: https://fish.cgiar.org/publications/community-based-resource-management-malaita-province

 

Photo credit: Grace Orirana

V2V Photo of the Week: May 26, 2021

This photo was taken in Karimunjawa Village, located in Karimunjawa Islands, Java province, Indonesia. Most residents here depend on farming or fishing for their Livelihoods. Fishing gear commonly used by Karimunjawa fishers include shallow-water nets, deep water nets, spears, spearguns/arrows, and traps. Even though local residents primarily identify as fishers here, there has been a transition in local livelihoods from fishers to tourist guides. 

Photo credit: Simar Kaur, 2018

V2V Photo of the Week: May 19, 2021

This photo depicts fishers at Bhola, the largest coastal island in Bangladesh, being interviewed on the double impacts of Covid-19 and the 60-day fishing ban. This fishing ban was effective from March 1 to April 30, 2020, which also coincided with the Covid-19 ban from March 25 to May 31st, 2020. The Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock imposed the ban in a bid to protect Ilish fry- also known as jatka. To compensate the fishermen during this ban, the government allocated 40 kg of rice to fishermen who had fisher ID cards. There are 132,000 registered fishermen in the Bhola district but only half of them are eligible for this rice. Study findings show a strong need for diversified alternate livelihoods for these fishing communities.

Photo credit: Mizanur Rahman, 2020

V2V Photo of the Week: May 12, 2021

This photo was taken in the fishing village in Setiu district, Malaysia. The local fishers use the river (Setiu River) to go fishing in the sea approximately 4 km away from the village. The majority of fishers use small fiberglass boats (locally called sampan), which are fitted with an average of 25 horsepower outboard engines.  A variety of fishing gears are used within this community, such as hand lines, long lines, traps, gill nets, and drift nets. The picture was taken during our study in 2013.

Photo credit: Gazi Nurul Islam 

V2V Photo of the Week: May 5, 2021

This photo was taken during field research on Nori-seaweed aquaculture at Hamana, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Local fishers can be seen adjusting the seaweed culture net. Lake Hamana takes pride in being the oldest in Japan as a Nori-seaweed aquaculture ground.

Photo credit: Yinji Li, 2018

V2V Photo of the Week: April 28, 2021

This picture was taken in the Tegal Barat District, Tegal City, Central Java Province, Indonesia. Ongoing research efforts in this area include enhancing food security by building fish products to strengthen small-scale Fisheries. Specific research areas incorporate market performance analysis of SSF, food safety identification for fish quality, strategy building for achieving viability through food security, and analyzing community response to food safety.

Photo Credit: Aini Nur Furoida

V2V Photo of the Week: April 21, 2021

This picture taken on Fårö island (Gotland) shows one of the hundreds of boats abandoned in the backyards of Swedish rural houses along the Baltic Sea coast. Ecological changes such as eutrophication, ecosystems shifts, and rising populations of seals together with hostile regulations and policies that result from considering the small-scale fishery as old-fashioned or unprofitable and favored the large-scale fishery sector, have contributed to a sharp decrease in the number of small-scale fishers in this area over the last decades. As the fishers say “soon there will be no more small-scale fishers left here”; scraping a boat is too painful but coastal fishing is not an option anymore.

 

Photo Credit: Milena Arias Schreiber, 2020

V2V Photo of the Week: April 14, 2021

This photo depicts the process of drying “Chewa” fish in Nijhim Dwip, a newly formed remote island in the southernmost part of Bangladesh. Here, residents primarily rely on fisheries as their primary source of income. They specifically fish a particular species called Hilsa, which has a similar life cycle to that of a North-American Salmon. Hilsa is culturally important making it economically very alluring for fishermen. There are other bycatches but due to the small fishing boats, they have to be economical with the storage.  That is why these small-scale fisheries focus on the most profitable catch. During the winter months, the local fishers switch to “Chewa fish” - the scientific name being Taenioides Cirratus. They sell these at the market or dry them up to increase their value or grind them up for the commercial fish feed.

Photo Credit: Syed Tauhid Raihan, 2021

V2V Photo of the Week: April 7, 2021

This photo which was taken at Marsaxlokk fishing harbour in Malta features a trammel net fisher who is discussing the difficulties faced in this fishing sector, specifically the unfair competition. The photo features a “Kajjik”, a traditional Maltese wooden vessel. In 2021, the Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture (DFA) implemented the Boat Restoration Scheme which entails the provision of financial assistance to part-time and full-time boat owners that own a traditional Maltese wooden vessel. The implementation of this scheme was deemed necessary by the DFA as the maintenance costs of wooden vessels are substantially higher than those associated with vessels made from fiberglass.

Photo credit: Margherita Arnaut, 2021

V2V Photo of the Week: March 31, 2021

This photo shows a woman gathering seaweed on foot in Finistère district, Brittany, France. In 2008, this informal activity became formal and seaweed gatherers, women and men, gained access to the social security system (health and retire pension) and to regional fishers’ organisations through their own Union. Seaweed gatherers are now participating in resource management. Work is currently taking place on the following issues: gender division of labor and participation of gatherers in the resources management. A Series of videos “People and the Sea in Brittany” in French can be found here.

Photo credit: Katia Frangoudes, 2021

V2V Photo of the Week: March 24, 2021

“Andaman and Nicobar Islands comprise the richest coral reefs in the Indian Ocean and globally, an area of significant flora and fauna biodiversity. These islands are home to one of the world’s last surviving populations of indigenous peoples, who have the knowledge, the traditions, and the cultural wealth to truly live-in harmony with nature. Rites and festivities were an important part of the daily life of the Nicobarese. The image shows the inhabitants of Chowra celebrating their annual Panuohonot (or pig festival) to commemorate their ancestors.”

Photo credit: Simron J. Singh, 2006

V2V Photo of the Week: March 17, 2021

This photo shows fishing boats and one of the many different gear types used by small-scale fishers in the Tam Giang-Cau Hai Lagoon, Vietnam.  This lagoon covers approximately 22,000 hectares and is about 70 km long. Some 300,000 people live in and around the lagoon with an estimated 100,000 people directly dependent on small-scale capture fisheries and various forms of brackish water aquaculture.

 

Photo Credit: Derek Armitage

V2V Photo of the Week: March 10, 2021

This photo was taken during doctoral research about social-ecological systems in small-scale fishing communities on the Brazilian NE coast. This photo shows the fishing crew preparing a raft to start their fishing trip. This type of raft is one of the most commonly used vessels in the region (Rio Grande do Norte, NE Brazil). Despite their small size, these rafts carry a crew of 2-3 fishers, their gear, usually hook and line and/or gillnet, water, and food. Fishers may stay at the sea for up to three days, returning home with groupers, tunas, snappers, and mackerels.

Photo credit: Monalisa Rodrigues

V2V Photo of the Week: March 3, 2021

This photo depicts nomadic fishers in the Meghna River estuary, Bhola, Bangladesh. Fishery-dependent nomads achieve material, subjective, and relational wellbeing from the hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) fishery and from other small-scale fisheries in the Meghna River system. There are strong indications that nomadic small-scale fisheries have an important role in the local economy that benefits both nomadic fishers and local land-based groups.  In nomadic fishing communities, women are active fishers with relevant skills. Their involvement in fishing helps them to exercise considerable control over decision-making and to provide them space agency.

Photo credit: Mahmudul Islam

V2V Photo of the Week: February 24, 2021

This photo was taken in 2020 at the Kaseni landing site in Ukerewe Island, Lake Victoria Tanzania. It portrays a typical example of the activities that take place at landing sites. Fishers are preparing to go to the lake while traders are buying fish from fishers who have landed.

Photo credit: Joseph Luomba, 2020

V2V Photo of the Week: February 17, 2021

This photo was taken in Pipa/Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil. Pipa is the most important tourist destination in the region. Although declining, fisheries are still part of this village’s economic portfolio. As tourism advances, fishers have become more withdrawn. This picture represents the day when they finally accepted to be photographed, while they were having an informal meeting.

Photo credit: Maíra Manzan, 2011

V2V Photo of the Week: February 10, 2021

Fishing people often talk fondly about their fishing life, including how they enjoy being on the water, and sometimes in solitude. This picture, taken in the south of Thailand, gives us a glimpse of what they may be talking about. What a joy it must be, to soak in the beauty of their surrounding, while heading out to sea for their daily catch. A small-scale fishing way of life is full of meanings and values that are beyond what can be quantified. Here, fishing seems like a peaceful way of life, and that is how it should always be, if we are able to secure access to space and resources for small-scale fishers and their communities. Small is certainly beautiful!

 

Photo credit: Ratana Chuenpagdee, 2009

V2V Photo of the Week: February 3, 2021

This photo was taken by Aliou Sall, fisheries socio-anthropologist, in April 2019 on the sidelines of a mission he was carrying out about social protection in SSF on behalf of the FAO. It focuses on the artisanal fishing community of Guet Ndar, Senegal, which concentrates the overwhelming majority of the SSF community at the scale of the site chosen for the Senegal case study. The main message that the photographer wants to convey here is that SSF, for such a community as for the other part of the case study could never be isolated from its socio-cultural context and reduced to exclusively economic activity. Indeed, the photo illustrates that it is difficult to delineate a boundary between housing units and operating units.

Photo credit: Aliou Sall, April 2019

V2V Photo of the Week: January 27, 2021

This photo was submitted for a Photovoice activity conducted by Ana Carolina to understand how coastal ecosystems provide wellbeing to communities. This participant wanted to document the preparation of the net, a traditional fishing gear used collectively by local fishers. The participant states: "This preparation of the gear is the most important for the success of fishing. But, it seems less important because fishers, instead of being too concentrated and serious, are putting their whole heart into it. They are playing and laughing as if it were a late afternoon conversation, without worry or stress. We see people are working for love." (Dias and Armitage, in press)

Photo Credit: Photo submitted by a young woman from Picinguaba Community, Ubatuba, SP, Brazil - Nov. 2018

V2V Photo of the Week: January 20, 2021

This photo is of fishing boats in Chilika Lagoon, situated along the eastern coastline of Odisha, India. It is one of our V2V case study area, which is recognized as a Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance in 1981 for its rich biodiversity. This is Asia’s largest brackish-water lagoon that contributes to the livelihood and culture of over 400,000 fishers. My ongoing thesis explores the water quality issues in Chilika Lagoon and the photograph depicts many hidden stories of marginalisation of small-scale fishing communities.

Photo Credit: Navya V Nair

V2V Photo of the Week: January 13, 2021

The Perhentian Island is located in the South China Sea, 21 km off the mainland of Peninsular Malaysia, in the State of Terengganu. There is a small village of approximately 10 ha in an area called Kampung Pasir Hantu situated on Perhentian.  Marine protected areas (MPA) have been established in Perhentian island since 1990, with fishing activities prohibited within two nautical miles from the coastline. Massive infrastructural development has taken place in the marine park over the last decade to promote tourism activities. The picture was taken during our study in 2016.

Photo credit: Gazi Nurul Islam 2016

V2V Photo of the Week: January 6, 2021

The Photo above shows the traditional fishing boat found in Cox 's Bazar District in southeastern Bangladesh end. They are called the  'Chand Nouka' which translates to Moon Boat and they are the  traditional fishing boat of the Artisanal fishermen here. The fishermen sail out to the open sea with the tide, and return the next day with the tide. This boat, is quite distinct and rare and only found in this region of the Bay of Bengal. Its shape is due to the need for fishermen to cross the sandy barrier located a few hundred meters from the shore.

Photo credit: Samiya Selim 2020

V2V Photo of the Week: December 30, 2020

This photo was taken at a private bhery in the East Kolkata Wetlands. It depicts the preparation of waste stabilization ponds by fishers for fish stocking. Using nature’s services like sunshine, algae, coliform bacteria, and water hyacinth, wastewater is recycled through a series of waste stabilization ponds excavated by the fishers. Effluents are treated naturally and pisciculture is pursued across five major stages of pond preparation, primary fertilization, fish stocking, secondary fertilization, and fish harvesting.

Photo credit: Jenia Mukherjee in 2019 (during field surveys conducted as part of IIT Kharagpur sponsored ISIRD project resulting into the publication of Blue Infrastructures [Singapore: Springer Nature, 2020])

V2V Photo of the Week: December 23, 2020

This photo of a sea defense embankment in the Momaya community of the Sierra Leone Coastal Landscape Complex (SLCLC) was taken during a mid-term project implementation review visit in April 2019. The community, in Sierra Leone, is part of the West Africa Biodiversity and Climate Change (WA-BICC) Project.   The objectives of the project are to establish a stepwise community action plan that will lead to the establishment of 24 community mangrove nurseries in the Sierra Leone Coastal Complex; verify and strengthen the recently established Community Resource management working groups in the communities; and support Community Resource Management working groups to collect propagules and establish nurseries.

Photo credit: Frederick Ato Armah  2019

V2V Photo of the Week: December 16, 2020

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This photo of Rembang Mangrove Forest, a V2V case study site, was taken as part of understanding the economic valuation of tourism management and conservation of Mangrove Forest Tourism in Pasarbanggi Village, Rembang, Indonesia. Part of the understanding also involves analyzing the level of willingness to pay in the context of conservation and development of forest attractions. Ongoing research will further allow insights on scenario solutions and models as well as the influence and interests among various stakeholders.

Photo credit: Cici Musliha 2020

V2V Photo of the Week: December 9, 2020

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This photo of Whitebait fishing boats was taken at Yui fishing port (inner port) at one of V2V Japan case study sites, the Yui area, Shizuoka Prefecture. Yui area is known for Sakura shrimp fishery, which has long been an important fishery that supports the economy of the local communities in Suruga Bay, Shizuoka, Japan. There are also other fisheries, including whitebait fisheries and set-net fishery, etc.

Photo credit: Yinji Li 2020