Mafaniso Hara is a professor of Natural Resource Governance at the Institute for Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies (PLAAS), University of the Western Cape. His research interests are in natural resource governance in relation to livelihoods, food and nutrition security and climate change. He has more than thirty years experience in research and development experience fisheries and natural resources. He is member of the Africa Fisheries and Aquaculture Reform Network, which leads continental work on African Fisheries and Aquaculture Policy Framework and Reform Strategy. He represents Africa and the Middle East of the Executive of the International Institute of Economics and Trade (IIFET).